Indian becomes first country to Land successfully on Extreme South of moon ❤🇮🇳

As the world watched in awe, Vikram, the lunar lander of India's Chandrayaan-3 mission, descended gracefully upon the lunar surface, marking yet another significant achievement in India's space exploration journey. This achievement pays homage to the incredible legacy of three previous moon missions, each leaving an indelible mark in lunar exploration history.

Chandrayaan 1: The Pioneering Journey
In 2008, Chandrayaan 1 embarked on its historic journey and achieved several groundbreaking milestones. Notably, it made the astonishing discovery of water molecules on the lunar soil, rewriting our understanding of the moon's composition. Furthermore, it captured remarkable images of the Apollo 15 and 11 landing sites, confirming humankind's presence on the moon. Chandrayaan-1's Moon Impact Probe (MIP) identified the presence of vital elements like H, OH, H2O, and CO2. During its 75-day mission, Chandrayaan-1 transmitted over 40,000 images and even unveiled vast lunar caves that could serve as shelters for future lunar settlers.

Chandrayaan 2: The Heartbreaking Setback
Chandrayaan 2, the successor to Chandrayaan 1, carried the orbiter Chandrayaan-2 (ch2), the lander Vikram, and the rover Pragyaan. However, despite its potential, Chandrayaan 2 faced challenges. A software glitch, triggered during a critical maneuver due to the lander's limited turning ability, resulted in a tragic loss of connection. The choice of a challenging landing site compounded the mission's difficulties.

Chandrayaan 3: A New Hope
Now, India stands as the fourth country to successfully land on the unexplored lunar terrain, focusing on the moon's southern pole. Chandrayaan 3, unlike its predecessor, does not carry an orbiter. Instead, it features the lander Vikram and the rover Pragyaan, designed for a 14-day mission. Equipped with four scientific instruments, Chandrayaan 3 aims to study seismic activity on the moon, analyze the mineral composition of lunar soil, detect frozen water molecules, and precisely measure the Earth-Moon distance.

Overcoming Lunar Challenges
Chandrayaan 3 has been meticulously engineered to withstand the unforgiving lunar environment:
- Rigorously tested through a six-sigma scenario.
- Equipped with fail-safe measures against sensor, engine, and algorithm failures.
- Enhanced power supply with additional solar panels.
- Improved vertical velocity for a smoother landing.
- Pragyaan's obstacle-avoidance cameras.
- Terrain-vibration testing via helicopter.

Chandrayaan 3's Success Beckons
With a landing area 40 times larger than Chandrayaan 2, ample fuel reserves, robust backup systems, invaluable insights from past missions, twice the resilience to impact, and four years of meticulous refinement and rigorous testing, Chandrayaan 3 is poised for a historic landing. The entire world anticipates this momentous event, extending their support to @ISRO, as India's heart beats with pride. 🇮🇳

Chandrayaan-3: A Closer Look
The Chandrayaan-3 lander stands tall at approximately 2 meters and weighs just over 1,700 kg, comparable to the size and mass of an SUV. It is designed to deploy a smaller 26-kg lunar rover.

South Pole : why everyone are behind it? 

Why are space agencies racing to the moon's south pole?

 There are a few regions which might have protected water for billions of years: the permanently shadowed craters at the Moon’s south poles.
Almost every part of the Moon is constantly bathed in sunlight, or cloaked in darkness.
would be craters all around you where that sunlight never reaches the bottom, regions where there could be permanent ice deposits that have been there for billions of years.

NASA administrator Bill Nelson expressed eagerness for the insights that will emerge from this Indian mission.

Unlocking the Moon's Resources
Chandrayaan-3's target, the lunar south pole, holds the promise of water ice—a potential source of oxygen, fuel, and water for future lunar missions or a permanent lunar colony. Successful landing will grant the mission two weeks of operational time, dedicated to a variety of experiments, including a spectrometer analysis of lunar mineral composition.

ISRO scientists have addressed the challenges of rough terrain by expanding the potential landing zone and fortifying the lander with additional fuel and sturdier legs, enhancing the mission's chances of a successful touchdown." 

#Chandrayaan3 #ISRO #LunarExploration #SpaceMissions 🌕🚀🇮🇳